University System in Germany
The university system in Germany is divided into different forms of institutions: Universities, Colleges, and Arts and Music Colleges. 60% state run, 30% private and 10% of these are run by the church. Most students in Germany attend a state-run University or College. In the winter semester 2013/2014 there were 107 universities and 216 colleges in Germany. We have in Koblenz the University Koblenz-Landau and the Hochschule Koblenz (University of Applied Science).
Universities pursue the “unity of research and theory.” German universities are not simply or strictly educational, but also focus on research into fundamentals, but applied research as well. Universities award academic degrees and doctoral degrees. At a university, you can habilitate or qualify for a professorship.
A University of Applied Sciences (Hochschule or simply HS) is an institution devoted to natural sciences, social sciences, economics, technical or artistic subjects. This type of institution is relatively new and was started in 1970. The characteristic feature of a HS is the focus on practical teaching and research, especially in the fields of engineering, business, management, and social studies. You can go to a HS if you have a higher general entrance qualification (e.g. A-levels) or a higher entrance qualification in that specific subject.